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Emergency Medicine News Articles

Search the latest Emergency Medicine news articles and peer reviewed clinical journal articles categorized daily into various hot topics such as: Trauma, Emergency Medicine Services, Airway/Respiratory management, Toxicology and much more. Not only are we the quickest, writing summaries of every article with 24 hours of publication, but we are also your most efficient resource for up-to-the-minute literature in Emergency Medicine.

As an added feature, you can also view highly recommended articles highlighted by our physician editor D. Scott Cunningham, MD, PhD and clinical pearls from the Internal Medicine Physician Review.

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Articles

Latest (33) Full Text Articles (650)
Ranked, sorted, and summarized by MDLinx editors from the latest literature
Topics:

1 The degree of abdominal imaging (AI) subspecialization of the reviewing radiologist significantly impacts the number of clinically relevant and incidental discrepancies identified during peer review of emergency after-hours body CT studies Abdominal Imaging , April 23, 2014    Review Article

2 Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and the effect of explanatory variables in paramedic trainees Full Text BMC Emergency Medicine, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

3 Microbleeds on susceptibility-weighted MRI in depressive and non-depressive patients after mild traumatic brain injury Neurological Sciences, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

4 Risk of acute kidney injury after percutaneous coronary interventions using radial versus femoral vascular access Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

5 A fixed-dose ketamine protocol for adolescent sedations in a pediatric emergency department Full Text The Journal of Pediatrics, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

6 National patterns of codeine prescriptions for children in the emergency department Full Text Pediatrics, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

7 Nutrition support team-led glycemic control program for critically ill patients Nutrition in Clinical Practice, April 23, 2014    Review Article

8 Health literacy and injury prevention behaviors among caregivers of infants American Journal of Preventive Medicine, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

9 Individuals with chronic traumatic brain injury improve walking speed and mobility with intensive mobility training Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

10 Detecting tissue deterioration after brain injury: regional blood flow level versus capacity to raise blood flow Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

11 Ovarian torsion: Case–control study comparing the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and computed tomography for diagnosis in the emergency department European Journal of Radiology, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

12 Predictors of CNS injury as measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the setting of chronic HIV infection and CART Journal of NeuroVirology, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

13 Shock Index for prediction of critical bleeding post-trauma: A systematic review Emergency Medicine Australasia, April 23, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

14 Are procedures codes in claims data a reliable indicator of intraoperative splenic injury compared to clinical registry data? Journal of the American College of Surgeons, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

15 What decides the suspicion of acute coronary syndrome in acute chest pain patients? Full Text BMC Emergency Medicine, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

16 Socioeconomic impact of children's burns—A pilot study Burns, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

17 Transporting children with toxicological emergencies Emergency Medicine Australasia, April 23, 2014    Review Article

18 Posttraumatic intrahepatic bilioma Indian Journal of Surgery, April 23, 2014    Clinical Article

19 A comparison of carbon monoxide exposures after snowstorms and power outages American Journal of Preventive Medicine, April 23, 2014    Review Article

20 Interventions for attention problems after pediatric traumatic brain injury: what is the evidence PM&R, April 23, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

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Clinical Pearls in Emergency Medicine

Highlights in Emergency Medicine

Procalcitonin and CRP predict identify high-risk children with appendicitis

As published in Pediatric Emergency Care, procalcitonin and CRP levels discriminate between children admitted with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis who may require closer monitoring. The study involved 111 children who were divided into 2 groups based on intra-operative diagnoses of appendicitis (n=69) and peritonitis (n=42). Patients with peritonitis, who were more likely to have complications and require intensive care unit admission, had significantly higher procalcitonin (0.15 vs. 4.95 ng/ml) and CRP levels (3 vs. 14.3 mg/dl) on admission than patients with appendicitis. Using a cut-off procalcitonin level of 0.18 ng/ml, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for peritonitis were 97%, 80%, 72%, and 89.3%, respectively. Using a cut-off CRP level of 3 mg/dl, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for peritonitis were 95%, 74%, 68%, and 96.2%, respectively.

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Vomiting during acute stroke increases mortality

As published in the Emergency Medicine Journal, patients who vomit during acute strokes have an increased risk of mortality (HR=5.06). Of 1968 stroke patients enrolled in the study, 1349 had cerebral infarctions, 459 had cerebral hemorrhages, and 152 had subarachnoid hemorrhages; 14.5% of all stroke patients vomited during the acute stage of the stroke (cerebral infarction, 8.7%; cerebral hemorrhage, 23.7%; and subarachnoid hemorrhage, 36.8%).

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Association between tight glycemic control and hip fracture in diabetics

As published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, patients with T2DM (mean age, 77.3 y; n=932) with a HbA1c < 6% (OR=3.01) or 6.1-7% (OR=2.34) are more likely to sustain a hip fracture than patients with a HbA1c > 8%. All patients had a HbA1c level determined within 3 months preceding the hip fracture. No differences in risk existed between patients treated with oral hypoglycemics or insulin.

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Most Popular Emergency Med Articles

Last month's top read Top Articles of 2013

1 Randomized clinical trial of hydrocodone/acetaminophen versus codeine/acetaminophen in the treatment of acute extremity pain after emergency department discharge Academic Emergency Medicine, March 21, 2014

2 Hypertonic saline as a therapy for pediatric concussive pain: a randomized controlled trial of symptom treatment in the emergency department Pediatric Emergency Care, March 5, 2014

3 Homeopathic medicine for acute cough in upper respiratory tract infections and acute bronchitis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, February 13, 2014

4 Risk stratification of adult emergency department syncope patients to predict short-term serious outcomes after discharge (RiSEDS) study BMC Emergency Medicine, March 19, 2014    Free full text

5 Retrospective analysis of etomidate versus ketamine for first-pass intubation success in an academic emergency department Academic Emergency Medicine, January 21, 2014

6 Safety and efficacy of flumazenil for reversal of iatrogenic benzodiazepine-associated delirium toxicity during treatment of alcohol withdrawal, a retrospective review at one center Journal of Medical Toxicology, March 12, 2014

7 The role of postoperative prophylactic antibiotics in the treatment of facial fractures: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot clinical study British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, March 13, 2014

8 Effectiveness of inhaled corticosteroids in the treatment of acute asthma in children in the emergency department: A meta-analysis Annals of Medicine, January 20, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

9 Mechanical pacing and induction of ventricular fibrillation by chest compressions: An unexpected phenomenon with possible implications for resuscitation algorithms Resuscitation, February 26, 2014

10 The role of venous blood gas in the Emergency Department: a systematic review and meta-analysis European Journal of Emergency Medicine, March 3, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

11 Detection of regional myocardial ischaemia by a novel 80-electrode body surface Delta map in patients presenting to the emergency department with cardiac-sounding chest pain European Journal of Emergency Medicine, March 3, 2014

12 Effect of MicroEEG on clinical management and outcomes of emergency department patients with altered mental status: a randomized controlled trial Academic Emergency Medicine, March 27, 2014

13 Screening, detection and management of delirium in the emergency department - a pilot study on the feasibility of a new algorithm for use in older emergency department patients: the modified Confusion Assessment Method for the Emergency Department (mCAM-ED) Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, March 14, 2014    Free full text

14 Causes of diplopia in the emergency department: diagnostic accuracy of clinical assessment and of head computed tomography European Journal of Emergency Medicine, March 6, 2014

15 Elevated CK-MB with a normal troponin does not predict 30-day adverse cardiac events in emergency department chest pain observation unit patients Critical Pathways in Cardiology, February 27, 2014

16 Acute exercise prevents the development of neuropathic pain and the sprouting of non-peptidergic (GDNF- and artemin-responsive) c-fibers after spinal cord injury Experimental Neurology, March 11, 2014

17 Liberal versus restricted fluid resuscitation strategies in trauma patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and observational studies Critical Care Medicine, March 17, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

18 A systematic review and critical appraisal of quality measures for the emergency care of acute ischemic stroke Annals of Emergency Medicine, March 13, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

19 Prescription opioid misuse among emergency department patients discharged with opioids The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, March 3, 2014

20 Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation versus conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A prospective observational study Resuscitation, February 24, 2014

Indexed Journals in Emergency Medicine: Journal of Emergency Medicine, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Injurymore

Other Topics in Emergency Medicine

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