The dental occlusion as a suspected cause for TMDs: epidemiological and etiological considerations

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 04/13/2012

Symptom improvement after insertion of an oral splint or after occlusal adjustment does not prove an occlusal aetiology either, because the amelioration may be due to the change of the appliance–induced intermaxillary relationship. In addition, symptoms often abate even in the absence of therapy. Although patients with a TMD history might have a specific risk for developing TMD signs, it appears more rewarding to focus on non–occlusal features that are known to have a potential for the predisposition, initiation or perpetuation of TMDs.

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