Fructosamine and glycated albumin predict incident diabetes
As reported in The Lancet, fructosamine and glycated albumin > 95th percentile predicted incident diabetes (HR=4.96 and 6.17, respectively) and retinopathy and chronic kidney disease among 958 and 11348 patients with and without diabetes, respectively, followed for 20 years.
Vitamin D supplementation improves ejection fraction
As reported in Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU/d of cholecalciferol x 6 months) of vitamin D-deficient heart failure patients (n=23) resulted in an increase in the ejection fraction compared to placebo (6.7 vs. -4.3%).
Muscle strength in adolescence decreases CVD risk
As reported in BMC Medicine, adolescents (n=38588) with the highest tertile of muscle strength had a decreased risk of CVD (HR=0.88) compared to adolescents with the lowest tertile of muscle strength after 42 y of follow-up. Of note, low muscle strength in adolescence by itself had no effect on CVD risk in middle age (HR=0.99). In contrast, high muscle strength in adolescence significantly decreased the risk of CVD in middle age (HR=1.31).