Pharmacologic preconditioning therapy prior to atrial septal defect closure in patients at high risk for acute pulmonary edema

Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 06/13/2012

Transient atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion and, if required, pharmacologic preconditioning prior to percutaneous closure may prevent periprocedural pulmonary edema in high–risk patients.

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