Evaluation of a new pocket echoscopic device for focused-cardiac ultrasonography in emergency setting

Critical Care, 05/17/2012

Biais M et al. – In emergency setting, this new ultraportable echoscope was reliable for the real–time detection of focused cardiac abnormalities.

Methods

  • During 4months, patients admitted to the emergency department and requiring transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were included in this single-center, prospective and observational study.
  • Patients underwent TTE using pocket ultrasound device (PUD) and conventional echocardiography system.
  • Each examination was performed independently by a physician experienced in echocardiography, unaware of the results found by the alternative device.
  • During the focused cardiac echocardiography, the following parameters were assessed: global cardiac systolic function, identification of ventricular enlargement or hypertrophy, assessment for pericardial effusion and estimation of the size and the respiratory changes of the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter.

Results

  • One hundred and fifty one (151) patients were analysed.
  • Using the tested PUD, the image quality was sufficient to perform focused cardiac ultrasonography in all patients.
  • Examination using PUD adequately qualified with a very good agreement global left ventricular systolic dysfunction (kappa=0.87; 95%CI: 0.76-0.97), severe right ventricular dilation (kappa=0.87; 95%CI: 0.71-1.00), inferior vena cava dilation (kappa=0.90; 95%CI: 0.80-1.00), respiratory induced variations in inferior vena cava size in spontaneous breathing (kappa=0.84; 95%CI: 0.71-0.98), pericardial effusion (kappa=0.75; 95%CI: 0.55-0.95) and compressive pericardial effusion (kappa=1.00; 95%CI: 1.00-1.00).

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