Dietary patterns and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in a population undergoing lifestyle changes: The Strong Heart Study
Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, 04/26/2012
Eilat–Adar S et al. – Dietary patterns reflect the changing lifestyle of AI and several of the patterns are associated with CVD risk factors. Evolving methods of food preparation have made the traditional pattern less healthy.Methods
- Nutrition data were collected via food frequency questionnaire from 3438 Strong Heart Study (SHS) participants, ≥ age 15 y.
- All participants were members of 94 extended families.
- The final sample consisted of 3172 men and women.
- Diet patterns were ascertained using factor analysis with the principal component factoring method.
- Authors derived four predominant dietary patterns: Western, traditional AI/Mexican, healthy, and unhealthy.
- Participants following the Western pattern had higher LDL cholesterol (LDL–C) (p < 0.001), slightly higher systolic blood pressure (BP) (p < 0.001), lower HDL cholesterol (HDL–C) (p < 0.001), and slightly lower homeostasis model assessment estimates of insulin resistance (HOMA–IR) in the lowest vs. highest deciles of adherence to this pattern (p < 0.001).
- The traditional diet was associated with higher HDL–C (p < 0.001), but higher body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001) and HOMA–IR (p < 0.001).
- Followers of the healthy pattern had lower systolic BP, LDL–C, BMI, and HOMA–IR in increasing deciles (p < 0.001).
- The unhealthy pattern was associated with higher LDL–C.