Pulmonary vein antral isolation and nonpulmonary vein trigger ablation without additional substrate modification for treating longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation

Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 05/07/2012

PVAI with non–PVTA for longstanding persistent AF provides good long–term atrial fibrillation (AF) control in over 70% of patients with infrequent (5%) AFL. AAD therapy and repeat PVAI may be required for this optimal outcome.

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