Effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy in diabetic patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy

Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology, 04/18/2012

The present study shows that treatment with cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT–D) in at–risk cardiac patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with substantial reductions in the risk of HF or death and improvement in cardiac remodeling in those with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy, with a more pronounced benefit in patients with nonischemic disease.

Methods

  • Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess clinical response to CRT–D (defined as CRT–D vs. defibrillator–only reduction in the risk of heart failure [HF] or death) and echocardiographic response (defined as percent reduction in left ventricular end diastolic and systolic volume [LVEDV and LVESV, respectively] at 12 month of follow–up compared with baseline values) among 552 diabetic patients with ischemic (n = 367) or nonischemic (n = 185) cardiomyopathy enrolled in MADIT–CRT.

Results

  • The clinical benefit of CRT–D was more pronounced among nonischemic patients (HR = 0.30 [P < 0.001] than among ischemic patients (HR = 0.59 [P = 0.004]; P for interaction = 0.10).
  • Nonischemic patients also experienced significantly greater reductions in LVESV and LVEDV at 12 months with CRT–D compared with ischemic patients (P < 0.001 for both).
  • Subgroup analysis showed that the most pronounced reduction in HF or death with CRT–D therapy occurred in nonischemic patients who were women (83% risk–reduction [P < 0.001]), had a lower BMI (<30/kg/m2: 79% risk–reduction [P < 0.001]), or had left bundle branch block at enrollment (82% risk–reduction [P < 0.001]).

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