Lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effect of ezetimibe in hyperlipidemic patients with coronary artery disease
Heart and Vessels, 03/22/2012
Tobaru T et al. – When ezetimibe was added to basal statin therapy, serum lipids improved significantly and the rate of achieving the target cholesterol level increased. Thus, ezetimibe efficiently decreases LDL–C and might prevent arteriosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) when added to basal statin therapy.Methods
- Authors evaluated the effects of adding ezetimibe to statin therapy in hypercholesterolemic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who could not achieve the target cholesterol levels recommended in the 2007 Japan Atherosclerosis Society Guidelines for Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Diseases on statin monotherapy.
- Ezetimibe (10 mg) was added to basal statin therapy for 12 weeks in 35 patients with hypercholesterolemia and a history of CAD who had not achieved their target cholesterol level with statin monotherapy.
- Changes in serum lipids, obesity markers, an oxidative stress marker, inflammatory markers, and laboratory values were investigated.
- Total cholesterol (from 200.6 ± 30.4 mg/dL in week 0 to 173.4 ± 33.3 mg/dL in week 12, P < 0.001), low–density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL–C) (121.3 ± 29.4 vs. 94.6 ± 30.4 mg/dL, P < 0.001), and remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (6.4 ± 3.5 vs. 5.3 ± 3.0 mg/dL, P < 0.05) all decreased significantly after addition of ezetimibe.
- The LDL–C/high–density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio also decreased significantly (2.5 ± 0.8 in week 0 vs. 1.9 ± 0.7 in week 12, P < 0.001).
- The percentage of patients achieving the target LDL–C level (<100 mg/dL) increased significantly (70.8 % in week 4 and 65.4 % in week 12, P < 0.001).
- There were no significant changes in the obesity or oxidative stress markers and high–sensitivity C–reactive protein (an inflammatory marker).
- However, another inflammatory marker (tumor necrosis factor– α) was decreased significantly by ezetimibe (1.36 ± 1.06 in week 0 vs. 0.96 ± 0.24 in week 12, P = 0.042).