Mechanisms of statin-induced myalgia assessed by physiogenomic associations
Ruano G et al. – The candidate genes COQ2, ATP2B1, and DMPK, representing pathways involved in myocellular energy transfer, calcium homeostasis, and myotonic dystonia, respectively, were validated as markers for the common myalgia observed in patients receiving statin therapy. The three genes integrated into a physiogenomic predictive system could be relevant to myalgia diagnosis and prognosis in clinical practice.Methods
- Authors genotyped 793 patients (377 with myalgia and 416 without) undergoing statin therapy at four U.S. outpatient clinic sites to evaluate 31 candidate genes from the literature for their association with statin–induced common myalgia.
- Three previously hypothesized candidate genes were validated: COQ2 (rs4693570) encoding para–hydroxybenzoate–polyprenyltransferase, which participates in the biosynthesis of coenzyme Q10 (p<0.000041); ATP2B1 (rs17381194) which encodes a calcium transporting ATPase involved in calcium homeostasis (p<0.00079); and DMPK (rs672348) which encodes a protein kinase implicated in myotonic dystrophy (p<0.0016).