Comparison of the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose amlodipine/losartan and losartan in hypertensive patients inadequately controlled with losartan: a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs, 05/16/2012Hong BK et al.
Switching to a fixed–dose combination therapy of amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg was associated with significantly greater reductions in blood pressure (BP) and superior achievement of BP goals compared with a maintenance dose of losartan 100mg in Korean patients with essential hypertension inadequately controlled on losartan 100mg.
This was an 8–week, double–blind, multicenter, randomized phase III study conducted in outpatient hospital clinics.
Korean patients with essential hypertension inadequately controlled on losartan 100mg were administered amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination versus losartan 100mg.
The main outcome measures were changes in sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and sitting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and BP response rate from baseline values, which were assessed after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. Safety and tolerability were also assessed.
At week 8, both groups achieved significant reductions from baseline in DBP (11.7±7.0 and 3.2±7.9mmHg), which was significantly greater in the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination (n=70) group (p<0.0001).
Additionally, the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination group achieved significantly greater reductions in SBP at week 8 and in SBP and DBP at week 4 compared with the losartan 100mg (n=72) group (all p<0.0001).
Response rates were significantly higher in the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg group versus the losartan 100mg group (81.4% vs 63.9% at week 4, p<0.0192; 90.0% vs 66.7% at week 8, p<0.001).
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