Early statin treatment prior to primary PCI for acute myocardial infarction: REPERATOR, a randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 03/15/2012Post S et al.
In this pilot study, pretreatment with atorvastatin in an acute myocardial infarction does not result in an improved cardiac function, microvascular perfusion, or decreased myocardial infarct size.
Forty–two consecutive patients (82% male, mean age 61.2 ± 9.8) who underwent a primary PCI for a first ST–elevated AMI were randomized for pretreatment with atorvastatin 80 mg (n = 20) or placebo (n = 22) and continued with the same dosage daily for 1 week.
All patients received atorvastatin 80 mg once daily 7 days after primary PCI.
The LV function and infarct size were measured by magnetic resonance imaging within 1 day, at 1 week, and 3 months follow up.
The primary endpoint was the end–systolic volume index (ESVI) at 3 months.
Secondary endpoints were global LV function measurements, myocardial infarct size, biochemical cardiac markers, TIMI flow, and ST–T elevation resolution.
ESVI 3 months after AMI was 25.1 mL/m2 in the atorvastatin arm and 25.0 mL/m2 in the placebo arm (P = 0.74).
The differences in change from baseline to 3 months follow up in global LV function and myocardial infarct size did not differ between both treatment arms.
Furthermore, biochemical markers, TIMI flow, and ST–T elevation resolution did not differ between atorvastatin and placebo arm.
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