Pioglitazone induces regression and stabilization of coronary atherosclerotic plaques in patients with impaired glucose tolerance
Diabetic Medicine, 03/01/2012
Yang HB et al. – Pioglitazone may induce regression and stabilization of coronary atherosclerotic plaques. The mechanisms might involve inhibition of inflammation, increase in adiponectin level and improvement in endothelial function.
Thirty patients were randomly divided into two groups: a pioglitazone group and a control group.
The latter was administered placebo in addition to standard therapy; the former pioglitazone 15mg/d in addition to standard therapy.
Before treatment and 6months later, left ventricular ejection fraction, serum lipid profile, high–sensitivity C–reactive protein, adiponectin and plasma endothelin–1 levels were detected.
Coronary plaque area and plaque burden were examined using intravascular ultrasound.
No significant differences were found in left ventricular ejection fraction and serum lipid levels pre– and post–trial.
Compared with the control group, 6months' treatment with pioglitazone significantly decreased coronary plaque burden (50.7±11.1 vs. 64.1±10.3%, P<0.05), plaque area (6.22±2.03 vs. 8.31±4.29, P<0.05), thin–cap fibroatheroma prevalence (11 vs. 22%, P<0.05) and percentage of necrotic core area (16±8 vs. 31±7%, P<0.05).
Compared with the control group, serum high–sensitivity C–reactive protein and plasma endothelin–1 levels were significantly lower and adiponectin level significantly higher in patients in the pioglitazone group.
Serum adiponectin level was negatively correlated with plasma endothelin–1 level and coronary plaque area (r=0.739 and –0.431, respectively, both P<0.05).
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