Vitamin D supplementation improves ejection fraction
As reported in Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU/d of cholecalciferol x 6 months) of vitamin D-deficient heart failure patients (n=23) resulted in an increase in the ejection fraction compared to placebo (6.7 vs. -4.3%).
Fructosamine and glycated albumin predict incident diabetes
As reported in The Lancet, fructosamine and glycated albumin > 95th percentile predicted incident diabetes (HR=4.96 and 6.17, respectively) and retinopathy and chronic kidney disease among 958 and 11348 patients with and without diabetes, respectively, followed for 20 years.
AGEs increase cardiovascular risk in T2DM
As reported in Diabetes, elevated advanced glycation end products increase the risk for incident cardiovascular events (HR=1.31) in type 2 diabetics (n=218).