A Systematic Review of Interventions for Reducing Pain & Distress in Children undergoing Voiding Cystourethrography
Acta Pediatrica, 10/17/2011
Rao J et al. – Conscious sedation with midazolam effectively alleviates the distress of Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in children older than 1 year of age. Psychological preparation and warmed contrast medium may also be effective. Nitrous oxide 50% may be an alternative to midazolam but further evidence is needed.