Comparison of Bullard and Airtraq laryngoscopes with conventional laryngoscopy in a manikin study of simulated difficult intubation
European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 06/18/2012
Legrand MAL et al. – In a moderately difficult airway scenario, all laryngoscopes performed equally well. However, in a more difficult airway scenario, the Bullard and Airtraq laryngoscopes performed better than the conventional laryngoscope, with the Bullard device performing better than the Airtraq. This may be in part related to differing prior experiences of operators with the respective airway devices.Methods
- In a randomised controlled study, 60 anaesthetists (30 with no or little experience and 30 with broader experience in the use of the Bullard laryngoscope, referred to as beginners and experts, respectively) performed three successive intubation attempts using conventional, Bullard and Airtraq laryngoscopes in two simulated difficult airway scenarios: neck immobilisation (scenario A) and neck immobilisation with additional tongue oedema (scenario B).
- The primary endpoint was overall intubation success rate.
- Secondary endpoints were time required for successful intubation, the amount of dental stress exerted during laryngoscopy and satisfaction with each airway device.
- In scenario A, intubation success rates were 97–100% with all devices.
- In scenario B, all participants failed to intubate the trachea using the conventional laryngoscope.
- When using the Bullard laryngoscope, intubation success rates of 87–97% did not differ significantly (P>0.05) from those during scenario A and between groups (beginners vs. experts).
- In contrast, when using the Airtraq laryngoscope, the overall intubation success rate was significantly lower (P<0.05) compared with scenario A and compared with use of the Bullard laryngoscope, and differed between beginners and experts (20 and 50%, respectively).
- In cases of successful intubation, intubation times were comparable between devices and groups.
- Intubation times were longer during scenario B.
- Dental stress was always lower (P<0.05) during use of the Bullard and Airtraq laryngoscopes compared with the conventional laryngoscope, lowest (P<0.05) during use of the Bullard laryngoscope and (with the exception of use of the conventional laryngoscope by the experts) higher during scenario B than during scenario A.
- In scenario A, participants preferred both video laryngoscopes to the conventional laryngoscope.