Paracetamol Hypersensitivity: Clinical Features, Mechanism and Role of Specific IgE

International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 05/08/2012

The data confirm that specific IgE may be a mechanism underlying paracetamol hypersensitivity, as in this series 18.8% of the patients had specific IgE. In 81.2% of patients, negative skin tests did not exclude paracetamol hypersensitivity, suggesting that it may be mediated by leukotrienes. However, three quarters of the patients tolerated NSAIDs, implicating an alternative mechanism. In patients with suspected paracetamol allergy, skin tests should be performed in addition to clinical history and oral challenge.

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